Monday, January 03, 2011

The Epiphay Introit: Ecce advenit: ("Behold the Lord the Ruler is come")

This is the Introit for Epiphany; here it's sung by the "Coro de Monjes y Monjas de la Abadía Benedictina de Le Bec Hellouin":

Here's the chant score:

The text comes from Malachi 3:1, I Chronicles 29:12, and Psalm 72:1, 10-11, say the Benedictines of Brazil:
Behold the Lord the Ruler is come: and the Kingdom is in His Hand, and power, and dominion. Give to the king Thy judgment, O God: and to the king’s Son Thy justice.

Here are those texts in full, via the English Standard Version:
Malachi 3

1 "Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you delight, behold, he is coming, says the LORD of hosts.

1 Chronicles 29:12

12 Both riches and honor come from you, and you rule over all. In your hand are power and might, and in your hand it is to make great and to give strength to all.

Psalm 72

1 Give the king your justice, O God,
and your righteousness to the royal son!

10 May the kings of Tarshish and of the coastlands render him tribute;
may the kings of Sheba and Seba bring gifts!
11 May all kings fall down before him,
all nations serve him!

William Byrd wrote an Ecce advenit; here's one recording of it, very pretty:

Another video of that is here ("Singers from the Marchmont St. Giles Church choir, Edinburgh, Scotland - UK" - but they've disabled embedding).

The modern form of today's propers is exactly like the historical (1962 Missal/Tridentine) form; all of the chants have been retained.  These are all the chant propers for Epiphany; the sound files were recorded at St. Benedict's Monastery in São Paulo (Brazil):
In Epiphania Domini
Introitus: Cf. Mal. 3, 1; I Chron. 29, 12; Ps. 71, 1.10.11 Ecce advenit (4m21.1s - 1786 kb) score
Graduale: Is. 6, 60. V. 1 Omnes de Saba venient (2m31.0s - 1033 kb) score
Alleluia: Cf. Mt. 2, 2 Vidimus stellam (2m17.2s - 939 kb) score
Offertorium: Ps. 71, 10.11 Reges Tharsis (1m59.0s - 814 kb) score
Communio: Cf. Mt. 2, 2 Vidimus stellam (39.6s - 272 kb) score

Other posts on Chantblog for the propers on this feast day are:

Epiphany, as I've noted on this blog before, has been over the centuries a celebration not only of the Visitation of the Wise Men, but also of Christ's baptism in the Jordan by John the Baptist and his first miracle at the wedding at Cana.  These were all "manifestations" of Christ in the world.  Tribus miraculis, the Magnificat antiphon for second vespers of the Epiphany, describes this trifold aspect to the day:
Tribus miraculis ornatum,
diem sanctum colimus:
Hodie stella magos duxit ad praesepium:
Hodie vinum ex aqua factum est adnuptias:
Hodie in Jordane
a Joanne Christus baptizari voluit,
ut salvaret nos,

Three are the miracles we celebrate this day:
On this day by a star the wise men were led to the manger;
On this day wine out of water was brought forth for the wedding feast;
On this day in Jordan's waters by Saint John's hand Jesus chose to be baptized,
That he might save us. Alleluia.

Here it is sung by Giovanni Viannini:

This year I'm happy to show some depictions of the Magi, though. One I hadn't ever seen before is this piece by a "Follower of Jheronimus Bosch."  I really like it:

And here's a lovely - and very old! - mosaic of the three Wise Men; the text at Wikipedia says 'English: Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna, Italy: The Three Wise Men" (named Balthasar, Melchior, and Gaspar). Detail from: "Mary and Child, surrounded by angels", mosaic of a Ravennate italian-byzantine workshop, completed within 526 AD by the so-called "Master of Sant'Apollinare".'  (Photo credit Nina Aldin Thune.)

Here's the Epiphany Office.  It also has a very interesting history, and from it you can get the flavor of how important Epiphany has been considered to be in the past (even though today it's something of an afterthought - an unfortunate situation).

No comments:


Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...